Once home, the rig's true nature quickly became clear. USB reception was only possible with the IF shift knob was turned fully clockwise. USB transmission was impossible. LSB transmission sounded like crap. Turning the power higher than a watt or two caused the finals to oscillate with full 100W power forwards and reflected. The audio was crackly and the PLL lockup issue was a significant annoyance. Sometimes after TX the RX sensitivity would dive.
After way way too much time on the bench, I finally have these issues resolved to my satisfaction. 10m TX audio is still distorted, but I get good audio reports on other bands and have made several contacts on 20 and 40 meters.
I suspect this radio will eventually find it's way into my Jeep.
Here is a full list of the work I did to resurrect this rig.
Distorted TX audio & CW tone
- Exciter output sounded great but PA output sounded like
garbage. Properly adjusted base currents; still sounds bad on 10m,
other bands OK
- Resoldered all transistors.
- Applied fresh heatsink compound.
- Replaced D2,3,4,5 and 8 on RF board with new 1N914 parts. D8 showed high reverse leakage in circuit, but that may have been caused by an alternate path to ground.
- Applied SB-844
to resolve PA oscillation; R47, R50, and C61 already had the updated
values, from the factory I think; Did NOT add series diodes due to
possible RX IMD degradation; Did add AVB bypass cap.
Loss of RX sensitivity after TX
- I found that sometimes after TX, RX sensitivity would be lost, and a bonking the rig would bring it back. Replaced IF board relay RL1 with new part. See also filter board repair.
Loss of RX sensitivity after TX
- I found that sometimes after TX, RX sensitivity would be lost, and a bonking the rig would bring it back. Replaced Filter board relay RL1 with new part. See also IF board repair.
- Applied SB-051 Final Protection mod
AF Gen Board
Symptom: Crackly RX audio, PLL unlock (dots on display)
- Re-soldered broken joints on Q3 & Q7 on AF board; solder cracked due to thermal cycling and insufficient solder from the factory; I would check Q2 also.
- Replaced C10, C11, C13 and C16
Symptom: USB BFO frequency low
- At first, USB reception was only possible with the IF shift
knob cranked fully clockwise. During alignment it became clear that
the USB BFO frequency could not be brought into spec. It's supposed
to be 8.8315MHz, and the highest I could get was 8.8314MHz, which is
a big problem. This is probably due to the crystal aging. I got the
CAR board set up so I could play with it in vivo and experiment with
adding additional capacitors in parallel with C22. I found a 1pf cap
lowered the resonant frequency just a bit. I then put the 1pf cap in
series with C2 22pf USB CAR osc fixed cap. That brought up the
frequency into the useful adjustment range of the trimcap, making it
possible to complete the carrier point step of the alignment
- Drilled holes in sides of front panel to access front assembly screws without removing panel; this makes removing the RF board much easier; loosen shaft coupler front set screws; remove front panel screws; pull front panel forward to free shaft from coupler; remove rf board screws; angle front panel down, remove RF board by sliding up and back off the shaft.
- Checked PSU voltages, OK
- Adjusted USB & LSB car outputs; OK
- Adjusted CW CAR; NOT OK! Behaves oddly; rx freq = usb freq; tx freq is offset lower; procedure calls to adjust VR2 to set CW car osc rx freq but adjusts tx freq instead (sigh). Need to review TS-130 manual for potentially improved procedure.
- TX/RX IF shift; OK
- Center RIT; OK
- Carrier suppression; nulled by ear with a second receiver
- Carrier point; adjusted first using factory procedure, then by ear listening to RX signals
- Adjusted final PA base current; OK
Twiddled RF board output balanced mixer balance trimpot; oops; how to fix? Not documented in svc manual.
Still To Do:
- Apply SB-037 VOX Operation Pick-up Time
- Apply SB-816 Band Pass Filter Change
- Adjust CW CAR
- Add speech proc
- Add DSP (or a notch filter at least)